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India targets sun in new solar mission week after on Moon’s South pole

People watch as the PSLV XL rocket carrying the Aditya-L1 spacecraft

India has achieved another milestone in its space exploration endeavors with the successful launch of the Aditya-L1 spacecraft.

Following its recent feat as the first country to land near the moon’s south polar region, India’s space agency, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), has now embarked on a mission to study the sun.

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The Aditya-L1 spacecraft, named after the Hindi word for the sun, was launched from the Sriharikota space center in southern India and is destined to orbit at a point approximately 930,000 miles (1.5 million kilometers) from Earth, known as L-1.

This mission holds significant scientific promise as it aims to investigate solar winds, which can cause disruptions on Earth, such as the spectacular auroras.

By traveling to Lagrange Point, a space region where gravitational forces are balanced, Aditya-L1 will conserve fuel while studying the sun’s dynamics and the inner heliosphere.

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Scientists anticipate that the data collected during this mission will provide valuable insights into the impact of solar radiation on satellites in orbit, crucial as private participation in space endeavors like SpaceX’s Starlink network continues to grow.

Additionally, the mission’s findings could contribute to a deeper understanding of the sun’s influence on Earth’s climate patterns and the origins of solar wind.

India’s aggressive pursuit of space missions aligns with Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s vision to elevate the country’s presence on the global stage in a space sector predominantly dominated by the United States and China.

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Privatization of space launches and potential foreign investments are part of India’s strategy to significantly expand its share of the global launch market in the coming decade.

Demonstrating the nation’s prowess in the increasingly competitive field of space exploration.

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