The last Boeing 747 jumbo jet left the plane maker’s factory in Everett, Washington, ending a production run of more than half a century for the double-decker, four-engine, twin-aisle pioneer that entered service in January 1970.
The move comes as US-based Boeing transitions to two-engine jetliners amid airlines’ push for more fuel-efficient planes.
The final aircraft is a 747-8 freighter that will be delivered to cargo airline Atlas Air in early 2023, Boeing said on Wednesday.
“For more than half a century, tens of thousands of dedicated Boeing employees have designed and built this magnificent airplane that has truly changed the world,” said Kim Smith, Boeing’s vice president, and general manager for the 747 and 767 programmes.
“We are proud that this plane will continue to fly across the globe for years to come.”
Boeing’s “Queen of the Skies” made its debut more than 50 years ago. Passenger versions had a spiral staircase that led to a luxurious upstairs lounge.
Freighter models featured a hinged nose that flipped open to load everything from cars to oil-drilling gear.
The 747 was the largest commercial aircraft in the world until the Airbus A380 came along in 2007 — when it was commercially launched — and set several records.
It was also the first aircraft to have a flatbed seat, pioneered by British Airways in 1999.
Qantas used the jet to fly the world’s first non-stop commercial flight from London to Sydney in 20 hours and nine minutes.
That 30-year record was only broken in 2019 when Qantas operated a 787 Dreamliner from London to Sydney direct in 19 hours and 19 minutes.
However, the final version of the 747 and Europe’s Airbus A380 superjumbo never caught on commercially as airlines turned to twin-engine aircraft and fuel-efficient planes.
The A380 made its maiden flight in 2005 and won over passengers with its audacious scale — its wingspan is wider than a football pitch.
Ultimately, airlines were turned off by their high operating costs. Airbus killed off the programme in 2019.
United and Delta said goodbye to their 747 fleet years before the Covid-19 pandemic struck while Qantas and British Airways grounded their 747s for good in 2020 during the worldwide travel slump.
Meanwhile, the 747 played a key role in Boeing’s history of aerospace leadership, the aircraft maker said.
Production of the 747 began in 1967 and spanned 54 years, during which a total of 1,574 aircraft were built, Boeing said.
The Everett factory was constructed specifically for the jumbo jet in 1967, CNBC reported.
The Boeing 747 made its first transatlantic passenger flight — from New York to London — in May 1970, carrying 350 passengers, a record at the time.
At 76 metres, the 747-8 is the longest commercial aircraft in service.
At typical cruising speeds, it travels roughly the length of three Fifa football fields, or NFL football fields, per second, Boeing said.
The 747-8 freighter model has a revenue payload of 133.1 tonnes, enough to transport 10,699 solid gold bars or about 19 million ping-pong balls or golf balls, it said.
The 747 still serves as Air Force One and two already-assembled planes are undergoing work to be transformed into the next generation of the US presidential jet, according to CNN.
Those planes won’t be delivered for at least four years due to delays.
Boeing hasn’t built a passenger version of the 747 jets since it delivered the last one to Korean Airlines in 2017, CNN said.
Today, there are only 44 passenger versions of the 747 still in service, according to aviation analytics company Cirium. More than half of those — 25 — are flown by Lufthansa.
But there are still 314 Boeing 747 freighters in use, many of which were initially used as passenger jets before being renovated into cargo planes, according to Cirium.
Boeing delivered the first 747 passenger jets in December 1969 to two airlines that no longer exist — TWA and Pan Am, CNN said.